Posada Diaz, Ricardo Julian, Ulrich Schneider, Sergej Pidan, Milad Geravand, Patrick Stelzer, Alexander Verl
High accurate absolute robot positioning is a requirement, and still a challenge, in many applications, such as drilling in the aerospace industry.
The accuracy is affected due to many sources of errors from robot model, tool calibration, sensor and product uncertainties. While model-based error compensation cannot reach the desired accuracy, sensor-based compensation appears as the practical solution to increase the robot positioning accuracy. A structured analysis of the error sources in robotic manufacturing processes can facilitate error identification and further compensation.
This paper describes an error source breaking down approach for analyzing robotic manufacturing processes. Moreover, an external sensor-based compensation is proposed for error reduction and error identification. Comparison with a compliance model-based compensation is performed. The proposed approach is applied to a robotic drilling process for aircraft manufacturing, considered a general and real industrial application. Further validation through experimentation is performed. The validation revealed a clear improvement in robot positioning accuracy and the benefits of the proposed error source structure for analysis.